“How to Manage and Maintain Your Septic System?”

A lot of people in the world do not know how to care and maintain their septic System.  Septic systems are found in both rural and urban areas and maintenance is important for both areas..  Urban areas will likely have more concentrated areas with septic systems making it critical for proper maintenance.

Problems may occur due to insufficient maintenance for Septic System

Most rural homes use some type of septic system to treat household waste water.  These systems generally are economical and effective in treating and disposing of the waste water.  However, your septic system must be properly designed, installed, and maintained to reduce possible harmful impacts to the groundwater that supplies your drinking water, your neighbors’ drinking water, or to surface waters such as a nearby stream.  Although a well-functioning septic system poses little risk to drinking water, a poorly operating system is a potential source of disease-causing bacteria, viruses, household chemicals, and nitrates.  If significant amounts of any of these enter drinking water, they could produce
health problems for you, your family, your pets and livestock, or your neighbors. A properly designed and functioning septic system breaks down harmful bacteria. In some cases, local conditions may keep a septic system from performing as designed.

For example, liquid in the septic system may flow to an area where water frequently pools near the surface since the soil under the septic drain field may drain poorly. If this happens, the soil may not completely treat waste water and you may unknowingly “recycle” poorly treated waste water into your home with your drinking water or animals or children may come in contact with it on the surface.
To avoid problems, install your septic system in an approved location and maintain it properly.  Install a new or replacement septic system in well-drained sandy soil or make the system large enough for proper treatment, depending on the type of soil available.  Locate the drainfield as far as possible from your well. Pump out your septic tank regularly to prevent solids from carrying over into the drain field and keep it working smoothly to extend the life of the system. Your septic system will work better and need less maintenance if you reduce the amount of waste water and solids by reducing excessive water use in your home and keeping food waste from going down the drain.

Adopt these 7 Steps to keep your septic system in excellent condition.

“7 Steps on How to Maintain the  System”

1. Know your septic system.  In a septic tank, solids settle to the bottom and scum goes floats to the top while the waste water slowly flows through the tank with a residence time of about 2 days.  The resulting clearer water in the middle flows through the tank baffle and out to the disposal area.  In the tank, Bacteria breaks down the solids  in the system, but not entirely.  The solids that do not break down or break down too slowly need to be pumped out regularly so they do not build up and reduce the volume in the tank.  If the volume is reduced, the solids will not settle properly and may be carried to the leach field and plug it up.

2. Conserve water.  Your system can only handle so much water at the same period. The tank needs time to separate the solids and liquids and send the liquid to the drain field.  To avoid potential problems, fix leaks immediately and check for toilets that continue to run.  Consider installing low flow shower heads, faucets, and toilets.  Watch to make sure you choose the right load size when doing laundry. Washing a small load on the large load setting wastes water.  Stretch out doing your laundry.   Instead of doing all your laundry cleansing on one day, spread it out to prevent overloading your septic tank and allowing your septic tank to recover.

3. Keep the septic system area open.  Do not install anything  on the earth over your tank or drainfield area like a shed,  RV, cement slab, driveway, or above ground pool. This can damage the tank or piping or reduce the treatment occurring in the soil by aerobic bacteria.  Aerobic bacteria use oxygen to break down wastes.   Keep plants away from your tank and drain field area.  The plant roots can grow into pipe joints and the tank and cause backups.  Be especially careful of plants with aggressive roots such as willow plants and Eucalyptus trees.

4. Never flush or wash down the drain anything non-biodegradable or toxic.  These elements can accumulate and plug up the tank and possibly the drain field.  Toxic substances can kill bacteria that helps break down the waste.

•Dental floss
•Feminine hygiene products
•Cigarette butts
•Cat litter
•Cotton swabs
•Coffee grounds
•Paper towels
•Household chemicals

5. Avoid garbage disposal use.  If you have a septic tank, don’t install a garbage disposal.  If you have a garbage disposal, use it occasionally.  The food material will take longer to decompose in the tank.  If you have a garbage disposal you will need to get your septic tank pumped more often as the solids build up faster.

6. Get the tank pumped.

Getting your tank pumped usually runs around $200-$300 but can vary by region. Also if they have to dig to find your tank access, they will charge more.  How often you need your tank  pumped depends on the size and the number of individuals in your family, usually every 2-5 years.  Garbage disposal use increases the frequency you will need your container pumped.
When you get your container pumped, they should also examine it to check for roots, cracks, and other problems.

7. Install a lint filter.  Consider installing a lint filter on the drain line from the clothes washer to prevent lint from entering the septic system.  Enough tiny non-biodegradable materials enter your septic system each year to carpet your living room area.




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